The Use Of Braces In Patients With Down Syndrome

One of the most frequent pathologies in patients with Down’s Syndrome is the affections in the buccal cavity. It is a high percentage of people who have periodontal problems; this is because they have a delay in the appearance of teeth, so it is quite common that these patients suffer from crowded teeth, so they are perfect candidates to carry out the implementation of brackets to improve the situation of the teeth. In addition to crowding, they can also present alterations in the bite, so it is more common to observe people with DS who have these conditions.

Thanks to technological advances, dental treatment for people with special needs can be a little more straightforward. The use of technology, such as 3D printing, self-ligating brackets, and improved wires, can make both the treatment and the dentist’s work easier.

For a dentist who performs treatments to people with DS it is essential to implement greater care in the processes and to be as friendly as possible, as well as treat them with more considerable attention as they tend to be more curious and a little more active and restless, so it is always necessary to be aware of everything. 

Also, for people with DS, preliminary appointments will be needed so that the patient can build trust in the surgeon and perform a general checkup of the individual’s health. In many cases, small preliminary tests are performed to determine the level of tolerance of the teeth and then continue with the endodontic procedure.

Some recommendations that dentists can follow for the implementation of dental braces tijuana are:

  • Use small brackets as they adapt a little more to the characteristics of DS patients.
  • Implement metal braces that are low friction as they prevent the appearance of ulcers and excess bacterial plaque that will allow the treatment to be more effective.
  • Avoid the use of orthodontic bands.
  • Use arches according to the patient’s needs and cover them with plastic if necessary.

Just as there are benefits to this type of treatment, it is essential to emphasize the complications that may arise during the procedure.

  • Gingival Thickening
  • Hygiene problems
  • Appearance of ulcers

For this reason, the patient should frequently go to the dentist for a periodic evaluation of the state of his health and the progress of treatment, because if the ulcers are vast and painful, the procedure will be interrupted.

Braces have an approximate duration of 3 years; of course, this depends a lot on the condition of the teeth. The procedure can last longer if the patient has severe damage to the teeth and the bite.

After the implementation of multi-brackets, patients will use removable or cemented retainers to improve and complete the endodontics.

It is of utmost importance that the patient carries out a unique and detailed routine so that he does not present problems such as dental tartar or any other disease that can appear due to poor hygiene. Finally, for braces to be successful, it is necessary to visit the dentist regularly to avoid any damage to the oral cavity.